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Two Moons Hye Jewelry: GEMSTONES (P-S)
Please contact Dottie Moon for purchase information: dottie@twomoonshyejewelry.com

Gemstones A-B C D-I J L-O P-S T-U  

Pearl - Cultured pearls are those in which people, rather than nature, implant the intruding material, and care for the mollusks in a protective environment (a pearl farm) while the pearls are formed. Nearly all pearls available today are cultured, and only one out of four cultivated oysters lives to create a marketable pearl. Natural pearls are very rare and valuable! The word "pearl" should be assumed as "cultured pearl" unless otherwise noted. Most cultured fine pearls are produced in Japan. In the warmer waters of the South Pacific, large Tahitian black pearls are cultured. Usually cultured and natural pearls can be distinguished from imitation pearls by a simple test: rub the pearl gently against the edge of your tooth. Cultured and natural pearls will feel slightly gritty, like a fine sandpaper, while imitations will feel as smooth as glass (because the surface is molded or painted on a smooth bead). However, some imitations have achieved "grittiness"! Natural colors may include white, cream, gray, blue, yellow, lavender, green, mauve and rose depending upon the mollusk, its diet and its environment. Enhancement is a common way to produce different colors and since pearls are extremely porous, they readily accept dyes, which can be used to produce matched strands. The pearl is called the mothering stone and is the emblem of modesty, chastity and purity that symbolizes love, success and happiness. Said to improve self-worth and help people see themselves. Also associated with ministry and bringing wisdom through experience.

Peridot – This olivine variety is composed of magnesium iron silicate. This gem is created under great temperatures and pressures deep within the Earth and sometimes is extruded in basaltic lavas. Its yellow green color is mainly dependent on the amount of ferrous iron present. The stone is purported to help slow the aging process, both physically and mentally, and also to facilitate the birthing process. Also said to help speech, increasing its eloquence and removing impediments, and sometimes is used to find lost or misplaced things. Many believe it to increase patience, confidence and assertiveness. Found in the US, China, Pakistan, Australia, Brazil, China, Egypt, Myanmar and Norway.

Quartz – This incredibly abundant gemstone accounts for a whopping 12% of the Earth's crust. A family of minerals with the same chemical composition (silicon dioxide) and similar physical properties, the two varieties of quartz are macro crystalline (crystals recognizable with the naked eye) and microcrystalline or cryptocrystalline (crystals too small to see without high magnification). The first category includes citrine, amethyst, aventurine, hawks-eye, tiger-eye and many others. The second, cryptocrystalline, is more commonly known as chalcedony. Quartz is said to be the universal healing stone, able to clarify what needs to be healed or balanced and assist in the transformation. The crystals are reputed to promote hope, happiness and optimism while awakening us to the beauty of nature. It’s found all around the world.

Rhodonite – Is an opaque, deep rosy pink to lavender gemstone with characteristic black veins called dendrites. Sometimes called the "singer’s stone", rhodonite is said to improve sound sensitivity. Many also believe it to help with the nervous system and self-esteem, and to balance trauma. It has long been considered a strong, feminine stone, as in the velvet glove over the iron fist. Important sources include Brazil, Mexico, Peru and Colorado.

Ruby Zoisite – Ruby zoisite is a unique metamorphic gem. It features a striking contrast between the bright green zoisite with inclusions of dark hornblende and the often chatoyant red ruby. It's rather soft and scratches easily. Thought to increase the awareness of the super-ego and is also said to help amplify the whole energy field of a person, reaching within to release inner talents of the mind. It occurs in a few small outcrops south of the town of Longido in Tanzania's northern province, about 50 miles northwest of Mount Kilimanjaro. It’s also found in Norway, Western Australia and the US.

Sapphire – This is the non-red variety of corundum...Ruby is the red variety. In essence, ruby is really a red sapphire since they are identical in all properties except color! Many people think that the darker the blue of a sapphire, the more valuable, but in reality the best sapphires have a rich but very translucent color. Sapphire is considered a stone of creative expression, intuition and mediation, also said to increase mental clarity and alleviate depression. The gemstone is also said to promote light, pure emotions, such as serenity, joy and peace. They are found in India, Myanmar, Ceylon, Thailand, Vietnam, Australia, Brazil and Africa.

Sodalite – Sodalite is characterized by its dark, intense blue color with white and sometimes yellow streaks. This sodium aluminum chlorine silicate is almost identical in composition to lapis lazuli except lapis contains sulfur instead of chlorine. Said to have subtle soothing energies and help you to see the wisdom of adopting a simpler, less hectic lifestyle. It’s found in Namibia, Brazil, Canada, Italy, India, Russia and the US.

Spiny Oyster – Found in the Sea of Cortez off Baja California, Mexico, the shell comes in three main colors: red, orange and purple, and sometimes is found in white and yellow. It was used in jewelry before coral became available. The shell most loved by the Mayan people, it has been found in abundance in archeological excavations of the Anasazi, Mogollon and Hohokam of southwest. In 1876, Native Americans of the Southwest began to export purple spiny oyster shells for jewelry making, popularizing their use abroad.

Sugilite – Sugilite is a somewhat obscure mineral named for the Japanese geologist who discovered the first specimen in 1944. It is a potassium sodium lithium iron manganese aluminum silicate (a mouthful!). Sugilite forms in syenite, a rock that was created through volcanic activity deep beneath the earth’s surface. It's usually opaque with a waxy luster but can be translucent. It often has brown, pink and white inclusions, looking like a purple version of turquoise. The most valuable sugilite is a deep purple or reddish purple – colors derived from manganese. However, some sugilite is gray, white or yellow. Considered a great balancer of mind, body and spirit, and is said to attract healing power. Said to eliminate hostility and infuse the being with inspiration and confidence. It's found on Iwagi Island in Japan, Canada and South Africa.

Above Information Courtesy of Rings-N-Things (www.rings-things.com)

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