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Two Moons Hye Jewelry: GEMSTONES (L-O)
Please contact Dottie Moon for purchase information: dottie@twomoonshyejewelry.com

Gemstones A-B C D-I J L-O P-S T-U  

Labradorite – This is an "umbrella" name for a sodium rich variety of plagioclase feldspar found in igneous or metamorphic rocks. When light hits it from a particular direction, it can display striking rainbow-colored reflections (violet, blue, green, yellow, orange and red) known as labradorescence or schiller, like gasoline lying on water. Said to detoxify the body and slow the aging process. Officially discovered on St. Paul Island in Labrador, Canada in 1770, it's also found in Madagascar, the Ukraine, Australia, Mexico, Norway and the US.

Lapis Lazuli - Composed of grains of several blue minerals, including lazurite and sodalite, additionally is has a matrix of calcite and speckles of pyrite. This gemstone is easily scratched and chipped so clean only with a soft, dry cloth. Considered the stone of truth and friendship, it's reputed to bring about harmony in relationships. Major sources include Afghanistan, Egypt, Canada and Chile.

Denim Lapis – A relatively pale, less expensive lapis. Its color resembles faded denim, which is due to calcite inclusions that whiten the color.

Lapis Nevada – This unusual rock was discovered in 1954...the Four Clovers Mine in western Nevada. As of 2004, its availability has been extremely limited. It’s a pink and green gemstone and is composed of no fewer than 11 minerals: thulite, scapolite, sericite, diopside and epidote, with minor amounts of feldspar, quartz, zoisite, clinozoisite, actinolite and apatite.

Malachite – This gemstone is a basic copper carbonate, vividly banded with two or more tones of green. The color comes from an altered form of copper contained in the stone. Water presence also affects the shade: more water in the copper makes it lighter; less makes it darker, absence of water makes it black. (In fact, the green patina you see on weathered copper roofs is a form of malachite!) The gemstone is a chemical twin of azurite and can form from azurite as it oxidizes. For this reason, the two are commonly found together, sometimes transitioning seamlessly from one to the other. Because of its low hardness, malachite is fragile, easily scratched and susceptible to becoming dull. Protect it from sharp blows and avoid dramatic temperature changes. Washing malachite in water will remove its protective polish, and it is easily damaged by acids. Never clean malachite with any product containing ammonia. If you attempt to cut or carve the stone, be aware that its dust is highly toxic! Said to aid in the regeneration of body cells and lend extra energy, also believed that gazing at malachite or holding it relaxes the nervous system and calms stormy emotions bringing harmony into one's life. Zaire is the major source of malachite but Chile, Zimbabwe, Australia and the US also produce this gemstone.

Mother of Pearl – This is the iridescent coating on the inside of mollusk shells. Believed to stimulate intuition, sensitivity, imagination and adaptability and help with clarity in decision making. It symbolizes faith, charity and innocence.

Black Mother of Pearl – aka: Black Lip, Black-Lipped Shell. Often used as heishe in Southwestern jewelry styles.

Obsidian – This is a natural glass that forms from volcanic activity. The gemstone is made of the same minerals as granite, but cools so quickly when exposed to air that the minerals do not have time to crystallize. Some inclusions can be bubbles or crystals, creating a random pattern such as snowflake. A fairly fragile stone, it scratches easily and sharp blows are likely to crack it. It’s been used for tool making since at least 21000 BC. Said to aid the stomach and intestines and help improve overall vision. Often used for gaining clear insight into problems. Major sources include Iceland, Italy, US, Japan and Java.

Mahogany Obsidian – is a deep red-brown gemstone with black speckles.

Snowflake Obsidian – is usually black or dark gray with light gray radiating patches.

Onyx – Is a striped, semiprecious variety of agate with white, black, brown or red alternating bands. Onyx is purported to help eliminate apathy, stress and neurological disorders, eliminate negative thinking and sharpen the wits of the wearer. Used to change habits, in addition to helping concentration levels and aiding absentmindedness. Main sources are India and South America, but also found in China, Madagascar, Mexico and the US.

Opal – "Nature’s fireworks", the opal is a gemstone of hydrated silica. The most striking quality of the precious opal is its rich play of color; it diffracts light at various wavelengths, creating multiple colors. Opals should be protected from heat and strong light, which can dry it out, causing cracks. In addition to cracking, loss of water causes loss of iridescence, therefore it might need to be oiled regularly to keep the water inside. Said to aid in the healing of eye diseases, and if a person is ill, it's believed to lose all color to the wearer. Most opal comes from Australia, Mexico and the US.

Peruvian Opal – a sea-blue color primarily but sometimes in shades of pale blue gray or pale green.

Mexican Fire Opal – a hot red, orange and yellow toned opal. The Fire Opal is synonymous with love and happiness and was used extensively by the Aztecs and Mayans for rituals and religious ceremonies. It was referred to as "quetzalitzlipyollitli" meaning "Stone of the bird of paradise". Owing to its religious, historical and economic importance, it is the national stone of Mexico. Mexican Fire Opals are believed to give the wearer an essence of vigor, youth and vitality. They exude positive and healthy vibes, keeping the mind fresh and free from negative thoughts.

Above Information Courtesy of Rings-N-Things (www.rings-things.com)

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