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Two Moons Hye Jewelry: GEMSTONES (C)
Please contact Dottie Moon for purchase information: dottie@twomoonshyejewelry.com

Gemstones A-B C D-I J L-O P-S T-U  

Carnelian – is an A-grade agate. What a lot of people call "true carnelian" is a fiery red/orange color, and in theory, carnelian is naturally that color. However, most of the fiery red/orange "true" carnelian is heat-treated in secret before it reaches the gemstone-cutting factory. This apparently has been a secret for thousands of years; each part of the world thought everyone else's carnelian was naturally red, but they were heating theirs, too! When held against the light, the color treated carnelian shows its color in stripes, while natural carnelian shows a cloudy distribution of color. It has been used for centuries to stop the flow of blood, and many believe it will stop nosebleeds. Also said to help heal physical wounds, blood disorders; recommended for infertility or impotency. Found in Brazil, India, Australia, Russia, Madagascar, South Africa, Uruguay and the US.

Chalcedony – Is a catch all term for cryptocrystalline quartz, which is quartz with microscopically small crystals. The chalcedony family as a whole includes agate, jasper, carnelian, chrysoprase, onyx, bloodstone, aventurine, flint, chert and sard. The most common forms are agate and jasper. Chalcedony forms in rounded crusts, rinds or stalactites in volcanic and sedimentary rocks. The stone is extremely porous, so it takes dye easily and is frequently enhanced. It has a slightly lower density and hardness than other quartz. Another unique characteristic of chalcedony is that it can be a pseudomorph, the atom-by-atom replacement of one mineral for another without changing the original mineral's external appearance. Petrified palm wood is a well-known example. In the Petrified Forest National Monument of Arizona, the remains of an entire ancient forest were transformed in chalcedony. Dinosaur bone is another chalcedony pseudomorph. The process is nature's preservation of an organic substance in its original appearance. Because of its abundance, durability and beauty, chalcedony was one of the first raw materials used by humankind. Its earliest recorded uses were as projectile points, knives, tools and containers. Believed to banish depression and mental illness, as well as fear, hysteria and touchiness. Also thought to reduce fever, aid eyesight, stimulate creativity and stimulate calm and peace. Found in Brazil, Germany, Russia, Canada, Africa, Turkey, Indonesia and the US.

Chrysocolla – Most commonly found in a blue-green color with brown or black inclusions. (If you’re lucky you might find a stone that also contains gold flecks!) It's a very fragile mineral and cannot be used for jewelry unless it is "agatized" in chalcedony. When found in a brilliant blue state, it can be mistaken for turquoise. Said to be good for creativity, female energy and communication, as well as relieving ulcers and arthritis. It's also associated with tranquility, peace, intuition, patience and unconditional love.

Chrysoprase – Is one of the most valuable chalcedony gemstones; prized for its rarity and opalescent apple-green color. It occurs as nodules or fillings of clefts in serpentine rocks and in weathered materials of nickel ore deposits. In the Middle Ages, it was believed that if you put a piece of chrysoprase in your mouth, you would become invisible, and Romanian folklore claims it enabled its owner to understand the language of lizards! Characteristics attributed to the gemstone today include soothing heartache and loneliness, and promoting emotional balance. It's said to relieve gout, eye problems and mental illness. Major sources include Australia, Tanzania, Brazil, Russia, and the US.

Citrine – A particular type of quartz that's rare and occurs in light colored yellow hues. Much of the citrine on the market today is actually heat-treated amethyst (a different type of quartz). It's very difficult even for an expert to tell the difference. Citrine is easily scratched and will permanently change color if left in the sunlight for several hours. Valued for the treatment of depression and is said to eliminate self-destructive tendencies. Also purported to stimulate memory, aid digestion, remove toxins from the body and fight diabetes. It symbolizes light-heartedness, joy, happiness, wisdom and peace, and is said to enhance creativity and motivate writers. Main sources are India and Brazil.

Coral – is a calcium carbonate built up by the skeletal material of small animals that live in colonies in the sea. It comes in a wide range of colors, with black, red and pink considered the most valuable. It has a dull matte look when unfinished, but gains a beautiful gloss after polishing. It often grows in branches that look like underwater trees, and most is found in the Mediterranean Sea and in the Pacific Ocean off Japan and Taiwan. It grows at a rate of only about 3 centimeters every 20 years! Often imitated, natural coral has a distinctive wood-grain texture that can help identify it as the real thing. Coral is softer, more fragile and more porous than other gem materials, and should be stored carefully to avoid scratches and kept away from chemicals.

Today, coral is reputed to calm and improve life, is considered the best accessory for modern people living in the fast lane. Coral is said to protect children. Also used in difficulties of the lungs and digestion, and many relate it to blood circulation. Coral is said the help restore harmony in the vent of emotional conflict and work against nutritional deficiencies, depression and lethargy. In addition, mystics claim it cures madness and gives wisdom but loses power when broken!

Black Coral has a lacquer coating added for stability and protection. It’s Hawaii's state gemstone.

Natural Bamboo Coral are cut from the beige sections of bamboo coral growth. Its soft beige hue is natural and unenhanced.

Red Bamboo Coral hails from the South Pacific and makes an ideal complement to Turquoise. Some are oil dyed and sport a smooth, regular finish. Some have a turquoise-like black matrix and are water-dyed, less stable and less expensive than oil dye.

Above Information Courtesy of Rings-N-Things (www.rings-things.com)

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